Saturday, January 16, 2016

Taharrush gamea

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According to Ann Corcoran, editor at Refugee Resettlement Watch, the USCCB is one of the nine primary refugee resettlement organizations – or VOLAGS, from “voluntary agency” – with about 450 affiliated organizations that are often run themselves by former refugees.

The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) is celebrating National Migration Week from January 3-9, urging Catholics throughout the country to support policies that “welcome the stranger among us.”

The bishops are urging “providing 100,000 annual resettlement slots for the most vulnerable refugees fleeing the Syria conflict,” and “designating an additional 100,000 refugees to be resettled in the U.S. from other countries.”
“Write…a letter to President Obama, urging him expand U.S. resettlement efforts of Syrian refugees who are fleeing unspeakable atrocities and violence,” the bishops urge as they also ask for donations to the Migrant Refugee Services’ (MRS) “Parishes Organized to Welcome Rufugees” program which works to provide sponsorships of “newly-arriving Syrian and other refugees.” Complete Story Here:



List of Islamic Terror: 2016

During this time period, there were 88 Islamic attacks in 22 countries, 
in which 1088 people were killed and 678 injured. 

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Describing her ordeal to 60 Minutes in an emotional interview, she shared how the crowd targeted her, tearing off her clothes and sexually assaulting her multiple times,
“And I am screaming, thinking if I scream, if they know, they’re gonna stop, you know. Someone’s gonna stop them. Or they’re gonna stop themselves. Because this is wrong. And it was the opposite. Because the more I screamed, it turned them into a frenzy. And I feel them tearing at my clothing. I think my shirt, my sweater was torn off completely. My shirt was around my neck. I felt the moment that my bra tore. They tore the metal clips of my bra. They tore those open. And I felt that because the air, I felt the air on my chest, on my skin. And I felt them tear out, they literally just tore my pants to shreds. And then I felt my underwear go. And I remember looking up, when my clothes gave way, I remember looking up and seeing them taking pictures with their cell phones, the flashes of their cell phone cameras.” Read Further: 

Story image for CBS News 60 Minutes correspondent Lara Logan is back in the hospital in Washington, D.C., due to years-long complications stemming from the brutal sexual assault she endured in Egypt from Breitbart News



Exclusive: 60 Minutes Correspondent Lara Logan Back In Hospital ...

Breitbart News-Mar 23, 2015
CBS News 60 Minutes correspondent Lara Logan is back in thehospital in WashingtonD.C.due to years-long complications stemming from the brutal sexual assault she endured in Egypt while covering the  Arab Spring ...







: has a new form of sexual harassment arrived in Europe?

The Swedish and German authorities say they have never encountered anything like it: groups of men encircling then molesting women in large public gatherings. It happened in Cologne and Stockholm, but is it really unprecedented? Ivar Arpi argues in the new Spectator that it may well be connected to a phenomenon called ‘taharrush gamea’, a form of group harassment previously seen in Egypt.
So what is taharrush gamea, and should Western police be worried? Here’s what we know.
‘Taharrush’ means sexual harassment – it’s a relatively modern word, which political scholar As’ad Abukhalil says dates back to at least the 1950s. ‘Gamea’ just means ‘collective’. Taharrush gamea came to attention in Egypt in 2005, when female protesters against the Mubarak government were sexually assaulted by plain-clothes policemen. Many subsequent cases were political in nature, but not all: as Mariam Kirollos writes, in 2006 ‘Egyptian bloggers reported cases of group sexual assault in downtown Cairo, where large groups of men groped veiled and unveiled women, and in some cases ripped their clothes off’. There were also cases of rape. Read Further:
We copied the article below as a reference, so when it is removed we will have a record.

Taharrush gamea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Taharrush jamaʿi (Arabicتحرش جماعي‎ taḥarrush jamāʿīEgyptian pronunciation taḥarrush game'a, lit. "collective harassment") is a type of sexual harassment and sexual assault of women by groups of men on the street that may involve rape, beating and name-calling,groping, sexual invitations[1] and robbery. The assault usually happens under the protective cover provided by large gatherings or crowds,[2][3] typically mass events, including protests, rallies, concerts, and public festivals.[4]
The general term taharrusch and further combinations like Taḥarrush el-ginsy[5] (Arabicتحرش جنسي‎ sexual harassment) have played a controversial role in Egypt since the political turmoils in the 2000s. In the beginning, Egyptian security forces have been blamed to use sexual harassment on female activists and participants of public demonstrations and rallies. The behavior has however spread and is being used by crowds of young men to harass female persons in the public space. Taharrush is a symptom of misogynous ideology according to Farhana Mayer, senior researcher at the Quilliam Foundation, theology department.Women are punished for being in public. [6]

Terminology and background in Egypt[edit]

Before 2006 the term El taḥarrush mainly referred to the molestation of minors and young people.[7] Already during the Egyptian constitutional referendum, 2005 female activists reported cases of being harrassed by police personnel and hired agents provocateurs during demonstrations and rallies. Taharrush then started to be used as a political means. On the Eid al-Fitr holiday in 2006, a crowd of young men harassing women and girls in the inner city after they had been denied access to a local cinema gained notoriety in Egyptian social media. A study provided by an Egyptian NGO (and partially funded by the EU)[5] described various forms of taharrush and introduced the term Taḥarrush el-ginsy, sexual harassment including group-related incidents.[8]
In 2008 a local movie maker, Noha Rushdie, was the first woman to win a court case against a molester.[9] Movies have some importance as a medium, as they allow depiction of current events and topics as well for an illiterate audience in Egypt.[10] Ihkî yâ Shahrâzâd (Les Filles du Caire, from Yusrî Nasr Allâh, in 2009)[10] and 678 (Arabic: فيلم ٦٧٨ - feelm sitta seba' thamaniyya) in 2010 were among the first to show various forms of tarrush in Egypt in cinema.[11] 678 (the number of a bus line) caused some controversies in Egypt [11][12] but got an award at the 2010 Dubai International Film Festival and has been published in various countries (e.g. 2012 as Kairo 678 in Germany). It depicts three women of various backgrounds: the first uses a knife to defend herself against attacks, the second is being harassed in a group in the presence of her husband, who is not able to help her. Her marriage fails afterwards. The third one activates a group of people to help her against a single molester. While her filing of a report to the police is being blocked by officers, she is invited to appear on a TV show, as she was the first Egyptian woman to file a report for harassment.
The Egyptian Revolution of 2011 saw an enforcement of the use of sexual harassment as a means of denying women and female activists access to public spaces and rallies[13] and as a well a larger counter-movement by NGOs and women's organizations.[14][15] The counter strategies involved have been discussed in research papers.[16][17] Some taharrush-related incidents made national news in Egypt and gained notoriety on social networks. After 9 March 2011, a day after International Women's Day, some feminist activists arrested during a rally on Tahrir Square were forced to have their virginity inspected.[5] Mobile phone videos like the Blue Bra or Tahrir Girl, (Sit al Banat in Arab), an unknown person covered in an abaya and undressed in Cairo went viral.[5] The phenomenon first came to the attention of Western media after an instance of an Egyptian taharrush jama'i attack hit headlines when a prominent female foreigner, CBS reporter Lara Logan, was assaulted by hundreds of men in Cairo's Tahrir Square during her reporting of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.[18]
During the period of the Mohammed Mursi government, the incidents became even more violent. A gathering of women survivors of such treatment on the eve of the second anniversary of the Egyptian revolution (on 25 January 2013) met at Cafe Riche (Talaat Harb close to Tahrir square) concluded to start a larger political initiative. They gained support from a variety of NGOs and political parties against the use of sexual harassment by the police forces. Lamis El Hadidy, a TV anchorwoman and political analyst, used the topic in a TV transmission in February 2013.[19]:26 A first attempt to change the penal law, supported e.g. by Amr Hamzawy failed.[19]:26 The ruling party made women participating in public rallies personally responsible for such incidents.[20] In March 2013, the Muslim Brotherhood provided a strongly worded statement against the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women as a danger for Egyptian cultural norms and society.[21][22] The massive participation of women in the public rallies was one of the reasons for the controversies.[21]
A working paper of the Institute of Development Studies (IDS, a research charity affiliated to the University of Sussex) describes the phenomenon, the legal situation and the answers in civil society.[19] After a further incident in 2014 made news, when at the Cairo University College of Law a woman had been harassed by a large group of men and had to be escorted to safety by the police, the Egyptian penal law has been partially adjusted.[19][23]

Occurrence[edit]

IDS calls to have a closer look on politically motivated sexual assaults in times of political changes and aims for further research and country studies in e.g. LibyaTunisia and Yemen.[26]
Some parallels have been drawn to Eve teasing (an euphemism used in India for sexual harrassment of women in public places; for an extreme version see 2012 Delhi gang rape) and the mob of youngsters that harrassed women and couples in a year 2000 New York Parade (Puerto Rican Day Parade attacks).[24]

Europe[edit]

According the newspaper Die Welt, the Bundeskriminalamt, the German Federal Crime office mentioned Taharrush gamea in an internal paper laid out after an conference with executives from the various Länder police forces.[2] The newspaper article on 10th of January made international news. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Beirut correspondent Stephan Erhardt reported about the weird career of the term Taharrush gamea: E.g. the German Wikipedia article started based on that announcement and used the slightly wrong (in German, Taharrusch dschame'a would be appropriate) transcription of the BKA.[24]
A North Rhine-Westphalia Ministry of Justice report to the parliamentary comittee of the Interior described "taharrush gamea" as the Arabic term for a modus operandi that it described as a form of group sexual harassment that takes place in crowds.[24] It compared as well the 2015 New Year's Eve Cologne incident to incidents that took place in Cairo's Tahrir Square during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.[25] Reports by the North Rhine-Westphalia interior ministry and the German Federal Criminal Police Office attributed the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany to the practice.[2][25] The perpetrators were said to have been "almost exclusively" of "North African and Arab" recently arrived migrant background.[2] However there are some important differences - the main driver behind the (group related) phenomen in Egypt have been political interests and even governments themselves, which was not the case in Cologne.[24]
Finnish migration authorities informed Helsinki police and made them aware of planned Taharrush attempts before New years eve 2015.[26] Similar to Cologne, a large crowd of (about 20.000) people, including about 1.000 refugees gathered around the Helsinki Central station and the Senate square in Helsinki. The police was present with a massive force and arranged for a dozen of preliminary arrests in refugee's asylums. Compared to Cologne, the whole event went quite peaceful and without larger incidents, a further dozen of men has been arrested during the night but were set free the day after.[27]
According to Russian author and pundit Yulia Latynina, "Taharrush is a new social phenomenon when visitors of Europe commit violence against European women in crowded places".[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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